Polymorphism of V-amylose complexed with aliphatic diols

17 December 2020
We have published an article in the journal Polymer about the structure of inclusion compounds prepared by crystallizing amylose in the presence of a series of diols. Several molecular models have been proposed based on electron and X-ray diffraction data, and structural transitions have been identified during the drying of the crystals. Click on the title for more information.

Chain-folded lamellar crystalline complexes of amylose with aliphatic diols were prepared and characterized by transmission electron microscopy as well as electron and X-ray diffraction. Four allomorphs were identified, depending on the complexing diol and crystallization conditions, that consisted of orthorhombic lattices of antiparallel 6- or 7-fold amylose single helices. Straight-chain n-diols (ethane-1,2-diol, butane-1,4-diol, hexane-1,6-diol) yielded 6-fold helical complexes regardless the length of the linear chain, whereas a bulkier branched diol (2 methylpentane-2,4-diol) induced the formation of 7-fold helices. Butane-1,3-diol, that contains a straight carbon chain with one end and one side hydroxyl group, induced both 6- and 7-fold helical conformations depending on the crystallization conditions. When a diol induced more than one allomorph, an adequate control of its concentration and crystallization temperature allowed targeting a specific crystalline form. Upon drying, all allomorphs were converted into more compact pseudo-hexagonal structures. The dried form of a given complex generally retained the same helical conformation as the hydrated one.

The article is availaible over here.